How did the liturgy become a site of renewed energy, sweeping change, and lively controversy in the modern Church? Why do Catholics continue to debate the intention and implementation of the Second Vatican Council's call for liturgical reform? This course seeks to answer these questions by examining the roots of the reform in the modern Liturgical Movement. We will study the movement's 19th-century origins in European monasteries, trace its international spread, and assess its impact on the conciliar reform. Along the way, we will highlight the spirit of collaboration between Benedictine monks, parochial clergy, and laypeople that infused the movement. We aim to understand the Liturgical Movement's theological and pastoral vision and to evaluate its realization, particularly in the United States. Requirements will include in-class presentations and a research paper.